|WATER RESOURCES UTILIZATION DEPARTMENT|
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Availability of water plays an important role in crop production. In Myanmar, most are normally rainfed and only 8-12 percent of sown has been irrigated for almost the past fifty years.
Althouugh Myanmar is endowed with abundant water resources, totalling approximately 870 million acre-feet, only 41 million acre-feet has been utilized so far.Agriculture in Myanmar, as traditionally reliant on annual rainfall, needs to be made more stable though increasing utilization of water resources and improved management. Plans have accordingly been formulated to bring areas under irrigation, to a level of 25 per cent of the net sown area, by AD 2000.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation has adopted five methods for availing water for crops production. Among these, pumping irrigation with from rivers and streams and utilization of underground water for irrigation, had been undertaken by Irrigation Department and Agricultural Mechanization Department till early 1995. From the 8th of February 1995, however, the underground Water Division of the Irrigation Department and the Rural Water Supply Division of the Agricultural Mechanization Department, fot closer cooperation and more efficient utilization of water resources.
The main functions of the Water Resources Utilization Department are as follows:-
- To increase the agriculture production in Myanmar by pumping water from rivers and streams, and also utilization of groundwater from feasible potentials.
- To promote the socio-economic of rural population by supplying portable water from tube wells and piped water reticulations.
- To supply cropwater and drinking water from spring sources by gravity flow systems in the mountations region of the border area and remote areas.
- To introduce sprinklers and drip irrigation systems to farmers.
Organizationally, the Water Resources Utilization Department has three levels, the Head Office level, State / Division level and District station level basis. There are six divisions under the department with a staff strength of 6436 as tabulated below.
(1) Administration and Accounts Division
(2) Planning Division
(3) Water Pump Division
(4) Groundwater Division
(5) Gravity Flow and Civil Division
(6) Procurement and Production Division
PERFORMANCE UNDERTAKEN IN 1997-98
- installaing of 38 electric pump sites and 57 diesel-engine driven pump sites along the said river banks for the beneficial area of 6802 acres.
- Utilization of 4000 high lift water water pump for lift irrigation, so as to benefit additional 5430 hectares (13417 acres) of crops, such as summer paddy, edible oil crops, cotton and pulses.
- Utilization of 2052 large size water pimps ranging 6 inches to 12 inches diameter, and laying delivery pipes for irrigation of 37833 acres of crop land.
- Completed construction of 648 deep tube wells and clustered shallow wells for irrigation, during the fiscal year 1997-98, bringing the total number of the tube wells for irrigation, started since 1992, to 4000 and providing ground water irrigated coverage for 2770 hectares (6846 acres).
- Construction of 120 deep wells, and 1320 shallow tube wells, for rural drinking water supply.
PLANNED TARGETS FOR (1996-2000)
The Water Resources Utilization Department's Five Year Plan (1996-2000), targets for lift irrigation activities, ground water irrigation activities and rural drinking water supply project activities. The planned targets are:-
The total lift irrigated acreage to cover by the year 2000 is expected to attin 0.48 million hectares (1.18 million acres). Under the planned targets for ground water irrigation, 3000 tube wells are to be constructed yearly so that by the end of year (2000) there should be a total of (16661) tube wells capable of irrigation 0.07 million hectares (0.17 million acres) of cropland.
The planned targets for rural drinking water supply will be in accordance to Myanmar UNICEF Country programme of Co-operation as proposed in the Master Plan of operation (MPO) (1996-2000). Project activities will be implemented according to the MPO schedule, and coverage is expected to benifit a population of 3.411 million. The financial Inputs are to be in the following order:-
Proposed Budget for Rural Water Supply Activities for 1996-2000|
Programme Cycle(US $)
Shallow Tube-well with hand pump
Deep Tube-well with Tara pump
Deep tube-well with India Mark III pump
Gravity Feed System
Hand-dug well improvement
Rain Water Collection Jar