The Settlement and Land Records Department (SLRD) was established in 1907.The primary objectives, on establishment were the fixation of land revenue rates, assessment of land revenue, maintanance of registers on land administration cases; and surveying of land and preparation of maps for the said purpose.At that juncture, the main objective was to collect land revenue effectively and extensively.
Subsequent to the assumption of responsibilities by the Revolutionary Council, on the 2nd of March, 1962, Myanmar's development policies were geared towards the formation of an agro-based industrial State.And with a view to conform to the concepts, the SLRD main objectives were redefined to the collection and compilation of agricultural statistics.


The SLRD's predominant activities are as follows:-

(a)       Settlement work
(b)       Collection of Agricultural Statistics
(c)       Annual assesment of land Revenue and Land Rent
(d)       Registration of deeds
(e)       Agricultural Land administration

(a) Settlement work
Settlement works deal with measures for fixation of land revenu rates.
(b) Collection of Agricultural Statistics
Activities for collection of agricultural statistics include (i) monitoring the progress of land preparation for cropping and condition a weather and crops production,(ii) carrying out periodic crop surveys, (iii) compiling data on farmer and farm, (iv) participating is taking of annual inventory of agricultural machineries and implements for the whole country, (v) compiling annual seasonal and crop reports, which comprise statistics on rainfall, land use, irrigation and flood protection, crop acreage, yield per acre and production.
(c) Annual assessment of Land Revenue and Land Rent
Land Revenue has been levied since the time of Myanmar kings Taxation is customarily based on extent of land and type of crop SLRD undertakes annual assessment of land revenue and land rent
(d) Registration of deeds
It deals with the registration of documents icluding deedsn that must be compulsorily registered such as those of transferring the rights of immovable properties.
(e) Agricultural Land Administration
The state is the sole owner of land. Only cultivation rights are recognized in the agricultural lands and are not transferable without the permission of the authorities. Private citizen, cooperatives or state enterprises are equally eligible for obtaining cultivation rights on fallow land and culturable waste land. Right of obtaining cultivation for small and scattered areas can be granted by the Township Head of the SLRD. For large areas, the right to cultivate and the right to use fallow and culturable waste land are sanctioned by the Central Committee for the management of Culturable Land, Fallow and Waste Land. Agricultural Land disputes are primarily heard and settled at the village-tract Law and Order Restoration Council. Head of Township level and Head of State and Divisional Land Records Department is the final appellate authority of agricultural land disputes.
The Settlement and Land Records Department with the total staff of 13571 is headed by the Director Geberal who supervises in carrying out the functions of the department, and is assisted by a Deputy Director General. There are six divisions each headed by a Director in the Head Office. They are supported by State / Division level, District level and Township level Settlement and Land Records Department's Office.